Indian Foreign Policy and the Changing World
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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTEMr. Gonsalves was born in 1928, graduated from the University of Madras, and joined the Foreign Service in 1950.SUMMARY India pursues a policy of nonalignment because spheres of influence and balance of power principles would inhibit India's chance to grow, to acquire its own sense of identity. The policy does not mean India is neutral; rather, it allows India to pass judgement on either of the great powers. It also helps India to escape using nationalism or religion as the basis of state unity. India does not claim to understand China's hostile actions fully but India does respect her great culture, people, and promise. Relations with the United States were excellent at 1947 birth but dissapated over racism, Vietnam War, US opposition re Goa and Bangladesh; mutual interests include trade, science, and technology. "You buy our textiles, we'll buy your Boeings." Note 3-way trade: USSR buys from US with money India sends USSR for railway rolling stock, shoes, and the like; want similar pass through trade with US.