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Pain Agent Use With Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Insertion in Children
The distress from peripheral intravenous catheter (PIV) insertion is often the worst part of a child's hospitalization. The adverse effects of PIV insertion include patient anxiety, parent anxiety, needle-phobia, and nurse ...
Developing a New Standard of Care in the Emergency Department
Those with poorly visualized or palpated peripheral veins, accompanied with a history of poor access, are at increased risk for multiple venous punctures in the emergency department. A need exists for identifying this ...