At-Risk Countries for Bioterrorism: An Assessment Method for Determining a Country's General Vulnerability to a Bioterrorism Attack
Bioterrorism is a global issue that has increasingly become the focus of many countries and their governments. This paper creates a model that determines a country's vulnerability to a bioterrorism attack. Importance is placed on a country's population density, age distributions, healthcare facility capacities and staffing, and basic information about the five most plausible diseases for use in a bioterrorism attack: smallpox, anthrax, Ebola, plague, and botulism. Fuzzy mathematical techniques and expert opinions are used to rank countries with respect to their vulnerability to a bioterrorism attack. Specifically, fuzzy set relations, fuzzy set preferences, Analytic Hierarchy Process, Guiasu method, and Yen method are utilized in this assessment. This analysis considers the fifty most populated countries. Conclusions are drawn and future research is proposed.