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dc.contributor.authorStrand, Palma J.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-09T19:44:42Z
dc.date.available2015-11-09T19:44:42Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifier.citationPalma Joy Strand, Racism 4.0, Civity, and ReConstitution, 42 Hastings Const. L.Q. 763 (2015).en_US
dc.identifier.issn0094-5617en_US
dc.identifier.issn0094-5617en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10504/73594
dc.description.abstractRacism has been so deeply embedded in our culture for so long that actions taken to uproot it have not been entirely successful. After each concerted effort, racism grows back but in a different form. To emphasize the evolutionary nature of these "versions" or "updates" of racism, I label them Racism 1.0, Racism 2.0, Racism 3.0, and ? the current "operating system" ? Racism 4.0. Each of these represents a distinctive iteration of social mores, institutions, and law. Today's Racism 4.0 manifests itself in racially disparate group outcomes in criminal justice, education, health, economic resources, housing, and employment; it operates primarily through unconscious acts of myriad individuals and automatic reproduction of racial advantage and disadvantage that have arisen over time from past collective discrimination. This paper traces how Racism 4.0 runs on implicit bias, white privilege, structural racism, and white advantage. It denotes how current anti-discrimination law, which developed to challenge prior iterations of racism, is ineffectual in the face of Racism 4.0. It discusses two approaches to countering today's racism. The first, civity, counters implicit bias and white privilege with "power-with" relationships across racial lines. The second consists of three legal touchstones including (1) progressive taxation and investment to address existing disadvantage of Black citizens as a group; (2) regional policy-making to address disparities in our metropolitan areas; and (3) recognition of economic, social, and cultural human rights to make equality real. Re-constitution ? both sociopolitical and legal ? is necessary to address racism today.en_US
dc.titleRacism 4.0, civity, and reconstitutionen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright (c) 2015 Palma J. Stranden_US
dc.description.volume42en_US
dc.title.workHastings Constitutional Law Quarterlyen_US
dc.description.pages763-797en_US
dc.subject.fastRacismen_US
dc.subject.fastEqualityen_US
dc.subject.fastDiscrimination--Law and legislationen_US
dc.subject.fastRace discriminationen_US
dc.subject.fastCivicsen_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/01086616en_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/00914456en_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/00894991en_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/01086465en_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/00862341en_US
dc.date.year2015en_US
dc.date.monthSummeren_US
dc.description.issue4en_US
dc.program.unitSchool of Lawen_US
dc.program.unitWerner Institute for Negotiation and Dispute Resolutionen_US
dc.url.link3http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2572641en_US
dc.url.link1https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?public=false&handle=hein.journals/hascq42&page=763&collection=journalsen_US
dc.contributor.cuauthorStrand, Palma J.en_US
dc.identifier.wcihttp://www.worldcat.org/identities/np-strand,%20palma/
dc.identifier.ssrnhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=891286


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